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澳门新葡亰平台游戏网址是1110:名人故事:谜一样的莎士比亚名人故事



★无忧考网入党申请书频道为大年夜家收拾的名人故事:谜一样的莎士比亚-名人故事,供大年夜家涉猎参考。更多涉猎请查看本站入党申请书频道。

导读:

英国文艺中兴时期巨大年夜的剧作家、书生威廉莎士比亚(1564-1616)无人不知,其作品在世界各地家喻户晓,但关于莎翁本人的历史纪录却寥寥无几。莎翁的感情、生活、经历都犹如谜一样平常,几百年来让无数学者苦苦探寻。让我们从有限的资猜中探寻这位巨大年夜作家的人生过程。

William Shakespeare is arguably the most famous author and poet of all time. His works are studied in grade school classrooms, college courses focus on his life and works, and professional authors look to him for inspiration. We know a great deal about the Bard注1 himself, but there is still much we do not know. The mysteries surrounding his life keep us interested and looking for more.

威廉莎士比亚可以说是有史以来最着名的(英文)作家和书生。小学讲堂里教授他的作品,大年夜学课程关注他的生平和作品,职业作家则从他那里汲取灵感。虽然我们知道许多有关这位书生的古迹,但他仍旧有很多工作不为人知。不停以来环抱他平生的谜团让我们很感兴趣,盼望从中发掘更多。

Shakespeare's Early Years   从前生活

William Shakespeare was born in April of 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon, on or around the 23rd day of the month. The exact date of his birth is unknown. Based on documents stating that he was baptized on the 26th of April, a rite that was traditionally conducted about three days following birth, we can assume that Shakespeare was born on the 23rd.

1564年4月,威廉莎士比亚诞生于(英国)埃文河边斯特拉福镇,日子大年夜约是23日。其确切出生日期无人知晓。根据资料显示,他在4月26日受洗,而该典礼一样平常在婴儿诞生约3天落后行,以是我们推想莎士比亚在23号诞生。

Very little is known about Shakespeare's education. It is thought he began grammar sc澳门新葡亰平台游戏网址是1110hool in Stratford around age six, but it has been suggested that the school's records were intentionally destroyed, so there is no definitive proof. We do not know how long he remained a student, but missing records also suggest that Shakespeare never attended university. The question of education is cited by many claiming that Shakespeare did not write his now famous works.

人们对莎士比亚吸收教导的环境也知之甚少。一样平常觉得他在6岁阁下开始在斯特拉福读文法黉舍,但据称黉舍记录被人蓄意损坏,以是没有确实证据证实这点。我们不知道他当了若干年门生,但缺掉的记录同时显示莎士比亚没上过大年夜学。有关其教导的问题被很多人引用,以阐明莎士比亚没有写下如今这几部名作。

Shakespeare's Personal and Professional Life  小我生活及奇迹生涯

In 1582 at the age of 18, Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway, a 澳门新葡亰平台游戏网址是1110woman eight years his senior. The couple had three children, including a son named Hamnet, who many believe was the inspiration for the name Hamlet in his famous play, Hamlet, Prince of Denmark. Susanna, the first of his children, was born just five months after their wedding, an event which at the time would have raised澳门新葡亰平台游戏网址是1110 some eyebrows.

1582年,18岁的莎士比亚娶了比自己年长8岁的女子安妮哈瑟维。 伉俪俩生下了3个孩子,此中一个儿子取名哈姆内特。很多人觉得戏剧《哈姆雷特》中哈姆雷特的名字正源于此。他的第一个孩子——苏珊娜在婚礼后仅5个月就诞生了,这种工作在当时很轻易引起非议。

Shakespeare was not only a playwright, but an actor as well, and served as a member of the acting troupe The Lord Chamberlain's Men (later known as the King's Men). By 1598, it became necessary for the group to build their own theater. Pooling their money, they built the Globe Theater (completed in 1599), and were financially rewarded for their investment thanks to high ticket sales. The Globe attracted lower and upper class citizens alike, and as a result Shakespeare's fame grew.

莎士比亚不仅是一位剧作家,照样一名演员。他是张伯伦勋爵剧团(后来叫国王剧团)的成员。到了1598年,剧团必要建立自己的剧院。他们自己掏钱兴建了全球戏院(1599年竣工)。因为票房好,他们的投资得到了不错的经济回报。全球剧院不单吸引上流阶层,社会底层人士同样被它吸引,莎士比亚从此声名鹊起。

Mysteries of William Shakespeare

—The Lost Years

莎士比亚之谜

——行踪成谜的岁月

There are two distinct periods of time in which little to no documentation on Shakespeare exists. These periods have been called the Lost Years. The first period of missing years is from 1578 to 1582 when Shakespeare was married, and the second stretched from 1582 to 1592. Some suggest that during these lost years, Shakespeare may have dabbled in a variety of professions, including teacher or law clerk, or he may have been assisting his father with the family business of leather working and trade. Others believe Shakespeare was using these years to conduct extensive research, travel, and establish himself as a playwright in the theater industry.

有那么两段显着的时期,关于莎士比亚的文件纪录极少以致完全缺掉。这些时澳门新葡亰平台游戏网址是1110期被称为“行踪成谜的岁月”。第一段缺掉时期从1578年到1582年莎士比亚娶亲;第二段时期则从1582年不停到1592年。有人说在这些行踪成谜的年月里,莎士比亚可能涉足各类各样的职业,包括西席或法务,又或者帮忙其父亲打理皮革加工贸易的家族买卖。另一些人则觉得莎士比亚使用这些光阴进行广泛钻研、旅行,并奠定自己在戏剧行业的剧作家职位地方。

Shakespeare's Last Will   临终遗愿

Shakespeare died in 1616 at the age of 52. During his life, he collected numerous pieces of property and had a substantial bit of money to his name. In his will, he bequeathed most of his properties to Susanna, his eldest daughter, and some actors from the King's Men. Famously, he left his wife his “second best bed注2” before he died on April 23rd, 1616 (this date is an educated guess because we only have a record of his burial two days later). This indicated she was to be given their marriage bed. Traditionally, the best bed was reserved for guests of a household.

莎士比亚于1616年去世,终年52 岁。他在有生之年积累了大年夜量家当,名下也有充澳门新葡亰平台游戏网址是1110沛的金钱。根据遗愿,他把大年夜部分家当留给了长女苏珊娜以及国王剧团的几名演员。值得留意的是,在4月23日(这个日期是有根据的推想,由于我们只有他两天后的葬礼记录)去世之前,他将“第二好的床”留给了妻子,也便是说她获得了两人的婚床。一样平常来说,的床要留给家中客人应用。

Despite the limited information on the man, Shakespeare remains today one of the most famous playwrights in history.

虽然有关莎士比亚的资料很有限,时至今日,他依然是历最着名的剧作家之一。

注1:“bard”意为抒怀书生,而“the Bard”特指莎士比亚。

注2:后人对付莎士比亚特意提到把床留给其妻子不停有各类群情,对照有代表性的见地觉得这是莎士比亚对妻子不忠行径的一种讥诮。也有人觉得“第二好的床”是娶亲时刻用的床,表达了莎士比亚对妻子的爱。不过由于关于莎士比亚的资料太少,以是这些都只是预测而已。

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