One of Google's self-driving cars crashed into a bus in California last month. There were no injuries.
It is not the first time one of Google's famed self-driving cars has been involved in a crash, but it may be the first time it has caused one.
On February 14th the self-driving car, travelling at 2mph (3km/h), pulled out in front of a public bus going 15mph (24km/h).
The man in the Google vehicle reported that he assumed the bus would slow down to let the car out, and so he did not switch to the manual mode.
In a statement, Google said: "We clearly bear some responsibility, because if our car hadn't moved, there wouldn't have been a crash."
That said, our test driver believed the bus was going to slow or stop to allow us to merge into the traffic, and that there would be sufficient space to do that."
The company's self-driving cars have done well over a million miles across various states in the US, and until now have only reported minor accidents.
Q1: According to Google, what was the cause of the accident?
Q2: How have Google’s self-driving cars performed so far?
Thousands of bees left a town after landing on the back of a car when their queen got stuck in its boot. Tom Moses who works at a nearby national park, noticed a “brown patch” on the back of the car after the owner parked it to do some shopping. When he looked closer he realized it was a huge group of bees.
Moses said: “I have never seen that many bees in one spot. It was very unusual. They were very close together and there was a lot of noise and movements, it was interesting to see such a strange sight. But there were a lot of people around and I was a bit worried about the bees and the people stopping to look. I thought that someone might do something stupid.
Moses called two local bees specialists who helped removed the bees by attracting them into a box.
Moses spent three hours looking after the bees and was stung five times, he said my stings are a bit painful but I am pleased that all worked out and I could help, people need to realize that bees are valuable and they should be looked after.
Q3. What do we learn about Tom Moses?
Q4. What do we know about the bees on the back of the car?
A new species of snake has been discovered on a remote island in the Bahamas.
Scientists identified 20 of the one meter-long snakes during two trips to the Caribbean islands. The second trip was made in October last year.
One of the creatures made a dramatic appearance by moving on to the head of the team leader as he slept.
The snake has been named silver boa because it is metallic colored and the first specimen found was climbing a silver palm tree.
The team was led by Dr. Graham Reynolds, from Harvard University, the scientist confirmed the snake was a previously unknown species after conducting a genetic analysis of tissue samples.
Commenting on the find, snake expert Robert Henderson from the Museum of Natural History, said: “Worldwide new species of frogs are being discovered and described quite regularity. New species of snakes, however, are much rarer.
Q5. What is the news report mainly about?
Q6. What do we learn about the scientific team leader?
Q7. How did the newly discovered creature get its name?
W: Did you enjoy your stay with us, Mr. Brown?
M: Yes, very much. I had a wonderful time here. Now I'm going to the airport. My flight leaves in less than 2 hours. So, could you tell me, what's the quickest way to get there?
W: Well, we can call a taxi for you. We also have a free airport shuttle service.
M: That sounds great, but will the shuttle get me to the airport in time?
W: Yes, it should. The next shuttle leaves in 15 minutes. And it takes some 25 minutes to get to the airport.
M: Fantastic! I'll just wait in the lobby. Will you please let me know when it's leaving?
W: Of course, sir.
M: Now I would like to settle my mini-bar bill. How much is that?
W: Let's see. It comes to $37.50. How would you like to pay for it?
M: I'll pay with my credit card. Thanks. But I'll need a receipt, so I can charge it to my company.
W: Absolutely! Here you are, sir. If you like, I can leave your bags with the porter. And he can load them onto the shuttle for you when it arrives.
M: That would be great. Thank you.
W: Would you like to leave a comment on our web page when you have time?
M: Sure. I had a really good stay here, and I'd like to recommend your hotel to my friends and colleagues.
W: That’s very kind of you. Thank you again for staying at Sheraton Hotel.
Q8. Why does the man ask about the quickest way to the airport?
Q9. How is the man going to pay his bill?
Q10. What did the man ask the woman to do?
Q11. What favor does the woman ask of the man?
Long conversation 2
M: You know, Ben’s given up making those terrible faces he used to make. The other day, he came home from school almost in tears. His teacher said if he went on like that, his face would get stuck when the winds changed.
W: And he believed her?
M: Yeah, he’s only a little boy. Don’t you remember all those things we used to believe when we were little? I remember my aunt Mary used to say if you swallow a cherrystone, a tree would grow out of your mouth. And I’m still terrified today, sort of subconsciously. You know, if I swallow one by mistake…
W: Yeah, I suppose you're right. The one that used to get me was that swans could break your leg when they blow of the wing.
M: They can, can’t they? I always thought they could.
W: No, they are not that strong. But there’s another one even more terrifying. That is, if you put a post stamp on upside down, you will go to prison.
M: No, never heard of that. But my grandmother was a terror for that kind of thing. For example, she would say, you will get a spot on your tongue if you tell a lie. If you eat stale bread, your hair will curl. And here’s one more. We went on a campaign trip once in Italy, and my wife spent the whole time worrying about bats getting into her hair. She said her grandmother reckoned you had to shave your head to get it out. My wife was really terrified.
W: Silly, isn’t it? But that’s how some parents try to keep their kids from doing the wrong thing or getting into trouble.
Q12: What does the man say about Ben?
Q13: What did aunt Marry used to do when the man was a child?
Q14: What does the woman believe swans could do?
Q15: What did the grandmother of the man’s wife say?
If I could go back in history and live when I liked, I wouldn't go back very far. In fact, I'd like to relive a period I've already lived – the 1960s.
I was in my twenties, and everything was being renewed. People would come in out of a formal and almost Victorian attitude, and you really felt anything was possible. Meeting people was the thing, and you went to coffee bars where you met friends and spent the evening. The cinema, the theater, all that was every exciting with new things coming out. In fact, we seemed to be out, all the time! I don't really remember working – of course, I was a student – or sitting around at home very much. That just wasn't where the scene was, even eating! It was the first time, ordinary people started going out to eat. We were beginning to be adventurous about food, but we were more interested in meeting people than in eating or drinking. And dress, yes, that was the revolution. I mean, girls went around in rea澳门银河网址amyh的网站lly short skirts, and wore flowers in their hair. And men were in jeans, and could wear their hair long too. It was a wonderful period. It was like living in an age you could never have imagined, and that never has come back. We didn't have much money, but it didn't matter. And there was plenty of opportunity to do whatever you felt like doing.
Question 16 – 18 are based on the passage you have just heard:
16. Why does the speaker say he would like to relive the 1960s?
17. What does the speaker say was the most popular thing to do at that time?
18. What d澳门银河网址amyh的网站o we learn about the speaker?
Dogs, man's best friends, have a clear strategy for dealing with angry owners—they look away.
New research shows that dogs limit their eye contact with angry humans. The scientists suggest this may be an attempt to calm humans down. This behavior may have evolved as dogs gradually learned they could benefit from avoiding conflicts with humans.
To conduct the tests, the University of Helsinki researchers trained 31 dogs to rest in front of a video screen. Facial photos of dogs and humans were displayed on the screen for 1.5 seconds. They showed threatening, pleasant and neutral expressions. Nearby cameras tracked the dogs' eye movements.
Dogs in the study looked most at the eyes of humans and other dogs to sense their emotions. When dogs looked at expressions of angry dogs, their eyes rested more on the mouth, perhaps to interpret the threatening expressions. And when looking at angry humans, they tended to turn away their gaze.
Dogs may have learned to detect threat signs from humans and respond by trying to make peace, according to researcher Sanni Somppi. Avoiding conflicts may have helped dogs develop better bonds with humans.
The researchers also note that dogs scan faces as a whole to sense how people are feeling, instead of focusing on a given feature. They suggest this indicates that dogs aren't sensing emotions from a single feature, but piecing together information from all facial features just as humans do.
Q19. What do dogs do when they are faced with angry humans?
Q20. What does a dog do when it sees the expressions of angry dogs?
Q21. How does a dog sense people's feelings?
Winter in many places is very cold. There is lots of snow around, and the ground freezes, which can make life difficult for animals. People in cold places live in warm houses and have learned to adapt. What do animals do? There are three main ways that animals survive the cold in winter: sleep, adapt or migrate.
Some animals, such as bears, frogs and snakes, sleep all winter. They sleep very deeply and need little or no food. While sleeping, their body temperature drops, and their heart beat slows down. To prepare for this before winter, these animals eat extra food to become fat, which gives them the energy they need while they sle澳门银河网址amyh的网站ep.
Other animals adapt. For example, by staying active in winter. It is often hard for them to find food. So some animals, such as mice, collect extra food before winter, and hide it. When winter comes, they return to their hiding places to eat the food. Some animals grow thicker fur, or live in tree holes or underground to stay warm.
Some birds migrate by flying to a warmer place for the winter, where they can find more food. Some fly very long distances, including one kind of bird that flies from the remote north of the world, all the way to the distant south. Some birds fly in groups for safety, while others fly alone.
Questions 22-25 are based on the passage you have just heard.
22. What does the speaker say about animals in winter?
23. What do we learn about animals that sleep through winter?
24. How do animals like mice adapt to the severe winter?
25. Why do some birds fly in groups when migrating, according to the speaker?
Q1：本题谜底为B。在听力原文中说到that said, our test driver believed the bus was going to slow or stop to allow us to merge into the traffic,
and that there would be sufficient space to do that."
Q2：本题谜底为D。在听力末端说到，The company's self-driving cars have done well over a million miles across various states in the US, and until now have only reported minor accidents. 无人驾驶车已经运行得异常好的穿越了美国的各大年夜州，直到现在只有少数小变乱。由此可见，总体来说做的对照好。
Q3：本题谜底为A。听力原文中说到Tom Moses who works at a nearby national par，可知这小我是在相近的国家公园事情。
Q4：本题谜底为B。听力原文中说I have never seen that many bees in one spot. It was very unusual. They were very close together and there was a lot of noise and movements. 我从没见过这么多蜜蜂凑集在一个地方。它们靠得异常近，发出很多噪音。
Q5：本题谜底为A。听力原文第一句点出主旨。A new species of snake has been discovered on a remote island in the Bahamas. 可知是发清楚明了一种新的蛇。
Q6：本题谜底为C。听力原文中说到One of the creatures made a dramatic appearance by moving on to the head of the team leader as he slept. 此中一种蛇在这位科学家睡着的时刻爬到了他的头部。
Q7：本题谜底为D。听力原文中说到The snake has been named silver boa because it is metallic colored and the first specimen found was climbing a silver palm tree. 这个蛇被叫做银蛇由于它金属般的外表，也便因此其颜色命名。
Q8：本题谜底为C。听力原文中My flight leaves in less than 2 hours. So, could you tell me, what's the quickest way to get there? 我的航班在两小时内就要起飞。以是可以奉告我怎么去机场最快吗?以是缘故原由是两小时内要起飞，其他选项的缘故原由未说起。
Q9：本题谜底为B。听力原文中男士说到I'll pay with my credit card.他会用信用卡支付。
Q10：本题谜底为A。听力原文中男士说到But I'll need a receipt, so I can charge it to my company.他必要一份收据，这样他可以向公司报账。
Q11：本题谜底为D。听力原文中女士问男士would you like to leave a comment on our web page when you have time?她想让这位老师在他们的网站上写个评价。
Q12：本题谜底为C。听力原文中男生说到Ben’s given up making those terrible faces he used to make.本不再做曩昔那些鬼脸。
Q13：本题谜底为D。听力原文中男生描述他奶奶说过的话For example, she would say, you will get a spot on your tongue if you tell a lie. 假如你撒了谎，你的舌头上会呈现斑点。所所以在警示他编故事、说谎的危险性。
Q14：本题谜底为A。听力原文中女生说到The one that used to get me was that swans could break your leg when they blow of the wing. 女生信托天鹅在拍打它们同党的时刻会使你的腿折断，即天鹅会折断人的腿。
Q15：本题谜底为B。听力原文中男生说他妻子的奶奶奉告她She said her grandmother reckoned you had to shave your head to get it out. 必须要剃秃头才可以掏出蝙蝠。
Q16：本题谜底为C。听力原文中说到I was in my twenties, and everything was being renewed. Renewed是更新的的意思，阐明统统都在变更。
Q17：本题谜底为A。听力原文中说到Meeting people was the thing, and you went to coffee bars where you met friends and spent the evening. 去咖啡厅和同伙晤面度过一个晚上，这是最盛行的事，was the thing是白话化的表达，意思是很火、很盛行。
Q18：本题谜底为D。听力原文中说到of course, I was a student。阐明作者当时是门生。
Q19：本题谜底为B。听力原文中说到Dogs, man's best friends, have a clear strategy for dealing with angry owners—they look away. New research shows that dogs limit their eye contact with angry humans. 狗是人类最好的同伙，在碰着它们的主人生气时会走开，避免眼神交流。
Q20：本题谜底为C。听力原文中说到When dogs looked at expressions of angry dogs, their eyes rested more on the mouth。狗在碰到生气的错误时会把眼神关注在对方的嘴巴上。
Q21：本题谜底为B。听力原文中说到The researchers also note that dogs scan faces as a whole to sense how people are feeling, instead of focusing on a given feature. 钻研者们说狗经由过程整体地看人的脸来判断人的情绪而不是只聚焦在某一个点上。As a whole表示作为整体。
Q22：本题谜底为D。听力原文中说到What do animals do? There are three main ways that animals survive the cold in winter: sleep, adapt or migrate. 动物怎么过冬呢?总体上动物有三种措施度过严寒的冬天，分手是冬眠、使自身适应情况、迁徙。阐明动物有不合的措施来应对严寒。
Q23：本题谜底为C。听力原文中说到To prepare for this before winter, these animals eat extra food tobecome fat, which gives them the energy they need while they sleep. 在冬天光降之前，选择冬眠的动物会吃更多的食品，这样可以在它们冬眠的时刻给予它们能量。以是冬眠时它们耗损之前储蓄的能量。
Q24：本题谜底为A。听力原文中说到So some animals, such as mice, collect extra food before winter, and hide it. When winter comes, they return to their hiding places to eat the food. 像老鼠这样的动物，它们在冬天之前会采集更多的食品并把食品藏起来。冬天到来后，它们再去藏食品的地方去吃这些食品，即提前储蓄足够的食品。
Q25：本题谜底为C。听力末端说到Some birds fly in groups for safety, while others fly alone.有些鸟斟酌到安然身分成群的迁徙。
Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension (40 minutes)
Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.
The method for making beer has changed over time. Hops (啤酒花), for example, which giv澳门银河网址amyh的网站e many a modern beer its bitter flavor, are a- 26 recent addition to the beverage. This was mentioned in reference to brewing in the ninth century. Now, researchers have found a--- 27 ingredient in residue (残留物) from 5000-year-old beer brewing equipment. While excavating two pits at a site in the central plains of China, scientists discovered fragments from pots and ve__ . The different shapes of the containers 28they were used to brew, filter, and store beer. They --may be ancient “beer-making tools,” and the earliest 29evidence of beer brewing in China, the researchers reported in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. To 30that hypothesis, the team examined the yellowish, dried 31 inside the vessels. The majority of the grains, about 80%, were from cereal crops like barley (大年夜麦), and about 10% were bits of roots, 32 lily, would have made the beer sweeter, the scientists say. Barley was an unexpected find: the crop was domesticated in West澳门银河网址amyh的网站ern Eurasia and didn’t become a 33food in central China until about 2000 years ago, according to the researchers. Based on that timing, they indicate barley may have 34in the region not as food, but as35material for beer brewing.
谜底：26.I 27.N 28.M 29.C 30.O 31.J 32.E 33.L 34.K 35.G
A) Arrived [v-ed] 到达
B) Consuming [v-ing] 破费
C) Direct [adj.] 直接的
D) Exclusively [adv.] 排外埠
E) Including [prep.] 包括
F) Inform [v.] 看护
G) Raw [adj.] 未加工的
H) Reached [v-ed] 达到
I) Relatively [adv.] 相对地
J) Remains [v.] 保留 [n.] 残剩物
K) Resources [n.] 资本
L) Staple [adj.] 主要的
M) Suggest [v.] 建议
N) Surprising [adj.] 令人惊疑的
O) Test [v.] 测试 / [n.] 测试
32.E 由空格前的about 10% were bits of roots,以及空格后的lily，可以鉴定选E，including
34.A 由空格前的may have和空格后的in the region可以鉴定空格处缺Ved，根据语义，选A，arrived
35.G 由空格前的but as和空格后的material可以鉴定选项词为形容词，根据意义，选G，raw。
Beer recipes change over time. Hops, for example—which give many a modern brewski its bitter, citrusy flavor—are a relatively recent addition to the beverage, first mentioned in reference to brewing in the ninth century. Now, researchers have found a surprising ingredient in residue from 5000-year-old beer brewing equipment. While excavating two pits at a site in the central plains of China, scientists discovered pottery fragments from pots, funnels, amphorae, and stoves (stove fragment pictured). The different shapes of the containers suggest they were used to brew, filter, and store beer—they may be ancient “beer-making toolkits,” and the earliest direct evidence of beer brewing in China, the researchers report online today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. To test that hypothesis, the team examined the yellowish, dried dregs inside the vessels. about a third of the starch grains they found were pitted, swollen, folded, or distorted—types of mangling that can occur during the malting and mashing needed to make beer. The majority of the grains—about 80%—were from cereal crops like millet and barley, and about 10% were bits of tubers, including yam and lily, which would have sweetened the brew, the scientists say. Barley was an unexpected find: The crop was domesticated in western Eurasia and didn’t become a staple food in central China until about 2000 years ago, according to the researchers. based on that timing, they suggest barley may have arrived in the region not as food, but as fodder for brewing beer.
36 [H] 题干：Successful team leaders know exactly where the team
should go and are able to take promptaction.
37 [D] 题干：Decentralisation of authority was also found to be more effective in military operations.
38 [B] 题干：In many companies,the conventional form of organisation is giving way to a network of teams.
39 [J] 题干：Members of poorly managed teams are easily distracted from their work.
40 [G] 题干：Teamwork is most effective when team members share the same culture.
41 [A] 题干：According to a report by Deloitte,teamwork is becoming increasingly popular among companies.
42 [F] 题干：Some team members find it hard to agree on questions like membership and the team's purpose.
43 [E] 题干：Some scholars think teamwork may not always be reliable,despite its potential to work wonders.
44 [I] 题干：To ensure employee's commitment,it is advisable to give them more flexibility as to where and how they work.
45 [C] 题干： Product transitions take much less time now than in the past.